Chest tube placement is a surgical procedure in which a tube is inserted into the chest to act as a drain. The chest tube drains blood, fluid or air from the pleural space, the area between the inner and outer linings of the lung, allowing the lungs to fully expand.

It can be performed either as a independent procedure or in conjunction with heart surgery. You can know more about thoracic chest tube surgery from Chest tube placement, also called thoracostomy, is used to treat conditions that cause a lung to collapse. These conditions include:

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  • Surgical complication
  • Traumatic injury to the chest
  • Pneumothorax, air leakage from the lung into the chest
  • Fluid buildup in the chest or pleural effusion
  • Hemothorax, an accumulation of blood in the pleural space
  • Infection or abscess

Procedure followed for chest tube placement includes:

General Anesthesia

The patient will be under general anesthesia for the procedure. Before the administration of the general anesthesia, the patient may also be given a sedative to relieve pre-surgical anxiety

Placement Of Chest Tube

The chest tube is surgically inserted between the ribs into the space between the inner and outer linings of the lung, known as the pleura, to help drain the air and allow the lung to re-expand. 

Extra Oxygen

In many cases, the patient requires extra oxygen during or after the procedure.